Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition) Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2015;68:339 - Vol. 68 Num.04 DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2014.05.021

Cardiac Herniation With Torsion: Complication After Pleuropneumonectomy

Juan Manuel Sanchís García a, Raquel Sánchez Oro a,, Miguel Ángel Molla Landete a

a Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Article

A 46-year-old man was diagnosed with right pleural epithelioid epithelioma, with partial response to chemotherapy and underwent extended pleuropneumonectomy to the pericardium and diaphragm. The preoperative x-ray (Figure 1) and computed tomography (CT) scan (Figure 1, video 1 of the supplementary material) showed the correct cardiac position and pleural thickening (arrows in Figure 1) corresponding to epithelioid epithelioma. The preoperative electrocardiogram (Figure of the supplementary material) showed no changes.

Figure 1.

Postoperatively, the patient developed hypotension with oliguria; therefore, a chest radiograph (Figure 2) was requested; it was interpreted as normal. An electrocardiogram (Figure 3) showed a deviation from the electric axis to the right. Given the clinical-radiological discordance, a chest CT scan was performed (Figure 2, video 2 of the supplementary material), which showed right heart rotation about the craniocaudal axis and slight bending of the superior vena cava (Figure 2, arrow). The occupation resulting from the remaining pericardial sac effusion (Figure 2, arrow) resembled the left cardiac contour in the x-ray. After treatment of the pleural and pericardial effusion, the patient improved clinically; therefore, we decided on conventional rather than surgical treatment.

Figure 2.

Figure 3.

A cardiac hernia is a very rare episode, consisting of the protrusion of the heart through a pericardial defect, mostly secondary to lung cancer surgery.

At 62 months after cardiac herniation (video 3 of the supplementary material), the patient was asymptomatic. This is the most extraordinary aspect of our case, since the most common treatment is emergency surgery, given the high mortality rate resulting from this type of episode.

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL

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Corresponding author: raquel_sanchez_oro@hotmail.com

1885-5857/© 2015 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved

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