Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition) Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2011;64:594-8 - Vol. 64 Num.07 DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2011.03.010

Changing Epidemiology of Native Valve Infective Endocarditis

Juan C. Castillo a,, Manuel P. Anguita a, Martín Ruiz a, Luisa Peña a, Marta Santisteban a, Miguel Puentes a, José M. Arizón a, José Suárez de Lezo a

a Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía, Córdoba, Spain

Keywords

Endocarditis. Epidemiology. Native valve.

Abstract

Introduction and objectives

The aim of our study is to assess changes in the epidemiologic features of patients with native valve infective endocarditis.

Methods

We analyzed a prospective series of 228 cases of native valve infective endocarditis in non-intravenous drug users attending our center between 1987 and 2009. We compared three subperiods: 1987-1994 (67 cases), 1995-2002 (74 cases) and 2003-2009 (87 cases).

Results

The mean age of patients has progressively increased (38±22 years in the first subperiod vs 60±16 years in the third; P<.001), as has the proportion of cases without predisposing heart disease (25%, 46% and 67%; P<.001). Incidence of mitral valve prolapse remained stable (12%, 18% and 11%). Percentages of patients with predisposing heart disease and who were aware of their condition have fallen in recent years (45%, 27% and 21%; P<.001). A portal of entry for the infection could not be identified in 64%. Overall, Staphylococcus aureus is the most frequent causative organism (26%) whereas the percentage of cases caused by Streptococcus viridans remains unaltered (22%, 20% and 24%).

Conclusions

We found significant changes in the epidemiology of native valve infective endocarditis. The incidence of patients without predisposing heart disease has increased significantly and staphylococci are the most frequent causative organisms.

1885-5857/© 2011 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved

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