Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition) Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2013;66:623-8 - Vol. 66 Num.08 DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2013.03.011

Clinical Characteristics and Vital and Functional Prognosis of Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Survivors Admitted to Five Cardiac Intensive Care Units

Pablo Loma-Osorio a,, Jaime Aboal a, Maria Sanz b, Ángel Caballero c, Montserrat Vila d, Victoria Lorente e, José Carlos Sánchez-Salado e, Alessandro Sionis d, Antoni Curós c, Rosa-Maria Lidón b

a Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Josep Trueta, Girona, Spain
b Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Vall d’Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
c Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain
d Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain
e Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario de Bellvitge, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain

Refers to

Cardiac Arrest Survivors Before They Reach Hospital. Beyond Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Esteban López-de-Sá, José López-Sendón
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2013;66:606-8
Full text - PDF

Keywords

Sudden death. Survival. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Brain hypoxia.

Abstract

Introduction and objectives

Survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest constitute an increasing patient population in cardiac intensive care units. Our aim was to characterize these patients and determine their vital and functional prognosis in accordance with the latest evidence.

Methods

A multicenter, prospective register was constructed with information from patients admitted to 5 cardiac intensive care units from January 2010 through January 2012 with a diagnosis of resuscitated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The information included clinical status, cardiac arrest characteristics, in-hospital course, and vital and neurologic status at discharge and at 6 months.

Results

A total of 204 patients were included. In 64% of cases, a first shockable rhythm was identified. The time to return of spontaneous circulation was 29 (18) min. An etiologic diagnosis was made in 86% of patients; 44% were discharged with no neurologic sequelae; 40% died in the hospital. At 6 months, 79% of survivors at discharge were still alive and neurologically intact with minimal sequelae. Short resuscitation time, first recorded rhythm, pH on admission >7.1, absence of shock, and use of hypothermia were the independent variables associated with a good neurologic prognosis.

Conclusions

Half the patients who recovered from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest had good neurologic prognosis at discharge, and 79% of survivors were alive and neurologically intact after 6 months of follow-up.

1885-5857/© 2013 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved

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