Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition) Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2013;66:371-6 - Vol. 66 Num.05 DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2012.10.012

Prevalence of Child and Youth Obesity in Spain in 2012

José-Juan Sánchez-Cruz a,, José J. Jiménez-Moleón b,c, Fidel Fernández-Quesada d, María J. Sánchez a,c

a Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, Spain
b Departamento Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain
c CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain
d Servicio de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular, Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada, Spain

Keywords

Cardiovascular disease. Obesity. Children. Youth. Risk factors.

Abstract

Introduction and objectives

Obesity is a major cardiovascular risk factor. In Spain, few studies have physically measured height and weight to estimate the magnitude of the problem. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of child and adolescent obesity in Spain in 2012.

Methods

We performed a cross-sectional probability sample of 1018 children, representative of the Spanish population aged between 8 and 17 years old, with objectively measured height and weight, along with other sociodemographic variables. We calculated the prevalence of overweight and obesity according to the criteria of the World Health Organization, the International Obesity Task Force, and the enKid study.

Results

In the group aged 8 to 17 years old, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 26% and 12.6%, respectively; 4 in 10 young people were overweight or obese. Excess weight was found in 45% of the group aged 8 to 13 years and in 25.5% of that aged 14 to 17 years. This cardiovascular risk factor was associated with lower social class and lower educational level.

Conclusions

The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents in Spain remains high (close to 40%), but has not increased in the last 12 years.

1885-5857/© 2013 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved

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