Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition) Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2016;69:579-87 - Vol. 69 Num.06 DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2016.02.009

Prevalence of General Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in the Spanish Adult Population (Aged 25–64 Years) 2014–2015: The ENPE Study

Javier Aranceta-Bartrina a,b,c,d,, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo b,c, Goiuri Alberdi-Aresti b,e, Natalia Ramos-Carrera f, Sonia Lázaro-Masedo f

a Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
b Sociedad Española de Nutrición Comunitaria (SENC), Barcelona, Spain
c Fundación FIDEC, Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea-Universidad del País Vasco, Basurto-Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain
d CiberOBN, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
e School of Medicine, University College of Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
f SPRIM-España, Madrid, Spain

Refers to

Why Not Use Existing Knowledge: Bayesian Statistics
Daniel Hernández-Vaquero, Rocío Díaz, Jacobo Silva, César Morís
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2016;69:1234-5
Full text - PDF

Keywords

Prevalence. Adults. Obesity. Abdominal obesity. Waist. Waist-to-hip ratio. Waist-to-height ratio.

Abstract

Introduction and objectives

According to the 2013 analysis of the Institute of Health Metrics, high body mass index values are the most important risk factor for disease in Spain. Consequently, we describe the prevalence of total obesity and abdominal obesity in the Spanish adult population (25–64 years) for 2014-2015.

Methods

The sample was taken from the ENPE study, a cross-sectional study with a representative sample of the noninstitutionalized population (n = 6800) carried out between May 2014 and May 2015. This analysis refers to the population between age 25 and 64 years (n = 3966). The anthropometric measurements were performed by trained observers at participants’ homes according to standard international protocols. Body mass index ≥ 25 was defined as overweight and ≥ 30 as obesity. Abdominal obesity was classified as waist > 102 cm in men and > 88 cm in women.

Results

The estimated prevalence of overweight in the Spanish adult population (25–64 years) was 39.3% 95% confidence interval [95%CI], 35.7%-42.9%). The prevalence of general obesity was 21.6% (95%CI, 19.0%-24.2%) and, more specifically, was 22.8% (95%CI, 20.6%-25.0%) among men and 20.5% (95%CI, 18.5%-22.5%) among women, and rose with age. The prevalence of abdominal obesity was estimated at 33.4% (95%CI, 31.1%-35.7%) and was higher among women (43.3%; 95%CI, 41.1%-45.8%) than among men (23.3%; 95%CI, 20.9%-25.5%), and also rose with age.

Conclusions

The prevalence of general obesity and abdominal obesity in Spain is high, although the distribution differs according to autonomous community. A comparison with earlier data reveals a considerable increase in overweight, indicating the need for routine monitoring and comprehensive initiatives.

1885-5857/© 2016 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved

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