Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition) Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2008;61:687-94 - Vol. 61 Num.07 DOI: 10.1016/S1885-5857(08)60205-4

Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Spanish Adult Non-Smokers Following the Introduction of an Anti-Smoking Law

Oksana Lushchenkova a, Esteve Fernández b, María J López c, Marcela Fu b, José M Martínez-Sánchez b, Manel Nebot d, Giuseppe Gorini e, Anna Schiaffino f, Jorge Twose b, Josep M Borràs g

a Servicio de Prevención y Control del Cáncer, Institut Català d´Oncologia, IDIBELL, L´Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Servicio de Medicina Preventiva y Epidemiología, Hospital Universitari Vall d´Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
b Servicio de Prevención y Control del Cáncer, Institut Català d´Oncologia, IDIBELL, L´Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Departamento de Ciencias Experimentales y de la Salud, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
c Servicio de Evaluación y Métodos de Intervención, Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Programa de Metodología de la Investigación Biomédica, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Barcelona, Spain
d Departamento de Ciencias Experimentales y de la Salud, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain. Servicio de Evaluación y Métodos de Intervención, Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, SpainCIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Barcelona, Spain
e Centro per lo Studio e la Prevenzione Oncologica, Istituto Toscano di Tumori, Florence, Italy
f Servicio de Prevención y Control del Cáncer, Institut Català d´Oncologia, IDIBELL, L´Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Departamento de Ciencias Experimentales y de la Salud, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain. Servicio de Evaluación y Métodos de Intervención, Agència de Salut Públic
g Departamento de Ciencias Clínicas, IDIBELL, Universitat de Barcelona, L´Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Plan Director de Oncología, Departament de Salut, Generalitat de Catalunya, L´Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain

Keywords

Secondhand smoke. Passive smoking. Cross-sectional study. Survey. Prevalence. Epidemiology.

Abstract

Introduction and objectives. The aim was to investigate the prevalence of secondhand smoke exposure and active smoking in the Spanish population following the introduction of an anti-smoking law. Methods. This cross-sectional study involved a telephone survey (in June and July 2006) of a representative sample of the Spanish population aged at least 18 years-old (1221 men and 1301 women). The prevalence of secondhand smoke exposure among non-smokers was determined in terms of the context of exposure (i.e., at home, in the place of work or study, during leisure activities, or in transportation) and in general (i.e., in any context). In addition, the prevalence of active smoking in the general population was also determined. Results. Overall, 74,3% of non-smoking men and 70.1% of non-smoking women had been exposed to secondhand smoke in one of the four defined contexts. In men, the age-standardized prevalence of exposure was 26.4% at home, 39.8% at the place of work or study, 61.1% during leisure activities, and 37.2% in transportation. In women, the prevalence of secondhand smoke exposure was 31.4% at home, 30.7% at the place of work or study, 51.9% during leisure activities, and 45.5% in transportation. Prevalence of active smoking was 26.7% of men and 21.1% of women. Conclusions. One-third of the Spanish non-smoking population are still exposed to second hand smoke in their work place or study center despite the ban introduced by the new law.

1885-5857/© 2008 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved

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