Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition) Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2013;66:585 - Vol. 66 Num.07 DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2011.09.028

Septal Myectomy in Recurrent Subaortic Membrane

Emiliano Rodríguez-Caulo a,, Omar Araji a, Daniela de Araujo-Martins b

a Servicio de Cirugía Cardiovascular, UGC Área del Corazón, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Seville, Spain
b Servicio de Radiología, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Seville, Spain

Article

A 54-year-old woman, with a history of congestive heart failure in 1984 and surgical resection of subaortic membrane (SAM) in 2001, was readmitted to our hospital for dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography documented severe subaortic stenosis, with a mean transvalvular gradient of 42 mmHg, reappearance of SAM, and protrusion of the interventricular septum, which left 0.8 cm2 in the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT). Computed tomography confirmed these findings (Figure 1A, asterisk) and demonstrated severe aortic regurgitation. Surgical treatment was decided, consisting of SAM resection, septal myectomy, and aortic valve replacement.

Figure 1.

During the procedure, a dense, fibrous SAM was seen to be obstructing the LVOT at 14 mm from the origin of the aortic valve. Exposure was achieved through a median sternotomy and transverse aortotomy, and the SAM was easily extracted from the LVOT. Concomitant septal myectomy was performed, and 15 μL was extracted from the interventricular wall (Figure 1B). Lastly, following implantation of a 19-mm Bicarbon Slimline mechanical valve (Sorin Group, Saluggia, Italy), the LVOT increased from 10 to 22 mm (confirmed by transesophageal echocardiography, Figure 1C) in 66 minutes of aortic clamping. The patient was discharged with no complications at 13 days. At 6 months, she remained asymptomatic and the mean transaortic gradient was 8 mmHg.

Transaortic SAM resection is an acceptable treatment, but it is associated with a high incidence of recurrence requiring reoperation (6%-30%). Therefore, it is reasonable to consider alternative therapies, such as septal myomectomy, which is associated with a lower rate of recurrence (up to 4%), particularly in cardiac reinterventions.

Corresponding author: erodriguezcaulo@hotmail.com

1885-5857/© 2013 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved

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