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Vol. 73. Issue 3.
Pages 200-204 (March 2020)
DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2019.09.009
Novel strategies to evaluate the effectiveness of heart failure services
Nuevas estrategias para evaluar la efectividad de servicios de insuficiencia cardiaca
William J. McKennaa,b,c,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author: Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, PO Box 3050, Doha, Qatar.
, María Nieves Montoro-Lópeza
a Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
b Institute of Cardiovascular Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom
c Section of Cardiovascular Diseases, Yale School of Medicine and YNHH Heart and Vascular Center, New Haven, CT, United States
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Figures (2)
Tables (3)
Table 1. Main clinical service interventions developed to improve outcomes in patients with chronic HF
Table 2. Threats to internal validity that may affect health care evaluations
Table 3. Hierarchy of study designs according to their ability to establish causality
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