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Vol. 5. Núm. D.
Síndrome metabólico: Retos y esperanzas
Páginas 30D-37D (Octubre 2005)
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Vol. 5. Núm. D.
Síndrome metabólico: Retos y esperanzas
Páginas 30D-37D (Octubre 2005)
Síndrome metabólico: retos y esperanzas
DOI: 10.1016/S1131-3587(05)74118-2
Acceso a texto completo
Síndrome metabólico y diabetes mellitus
Metabolic Syndrome and Diabetes Mellitus
Visitas
...
Enrique González Sarmientoa,??
Autor para correspondencia
enrgonz@med.uva.es

Correspondencia: Dr. E. González Sarmiento. Servicio de Medicina Interna (10.ª planta). Hospital Clínico Universitario. Ramón y Cajal, 3. 47005 Valladolid. España.
, Isaac Pascual Callejab, Martín Laclaustra Gimenob, José A. Casasnovas Lenguasb
a Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Valladolid. Valladolid. España
b Grupo de Investigación Cardiovascular. Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud. Zaragoza. España
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Bibliografía
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Estadísticas

La diabetes mellitus (DM) es una enfermedad metabólica crónica que está adquiriendo en los últimos años proporciones de auténtica epidemia. Se asocia frecuentemente con obesidad, alteraciones del metabolismo lipídico y proteínico, así como con hipertensión arterial y otros factores de riesgo cardiovascular, lo que constituye el síndrome metabólico. La DM tipo 2 (DM2) es un factor de riesgo importante para la enfermedad coronaria y la aterosclerosis precoz. Su etiopatogenia es multifactorial y está muy relacionada con la resistencia insulínica (RI), que es el proceso fisiopatológico común al conjunto de factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Respecto a la prevención y el tratamiento de la DM2, es fundamental la modificación del estilo de vida, con especial hincapié en la alimentación equilibrada y la introducción del ejercicio físico aeróbico en la vida cotidiana. Cuando las pautas higiénico- dietéticas no son suficientes, se debe recurrir a fármacos que actúen sobre la diana de la resistencia insulínica, como la metformina y las tiazolidinas.

Palabras clave:
Diabetes mellitus tipo 2
Síndrome metabólico
Riesgo cardiovascular

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that has acquired the nature of an epidemic in recent years. It is frequently associated with obesity, abnormalities of the lipid and protein metabolism, high blood pressure, and other cardiovascular risk factors, which are often clustered together in the metabolic syndrome. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor for coronary disease and premature atherosclerosis. It has a multifactorial pathogenesis and it is closely linked to insulin resistance, which is also involved in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. One fundamental intervention for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus is lifestyle modification, in particular the adoption of a balanced diet and the inclusion of aerobic physical activity in daily life. When these measures are insufficient, the use of drugs that target insulin resistance, such as metformin and thiazolidinediones, is necessary.

Key words:
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Metabolic syndrome
Cardiovascular risk
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