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Vol. 74. Issue 11.
Pages 1002 (November 2021)
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Vol. 74. Issue 11.
Pages 1002 (November 2021)
Letter to the Editor
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Ischemic heart disease and acute cardiac care: an indisoluble binomial
Cardiopatía isquémica y cuidados críticos cardiológicos: un binomio indisoluble
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Pablo Jorgea, Albert Ariza-Soléb,
Corresponding author
aariza@bellvitgehospital.cat

Corresponding author:
, on behalf of the Executive Committee of the Association for Ischemic Heart Disease and Acute Cardiovascular Care of the Spanish Society of Cardiology
a Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Cardiológicos, Servicio de Cardiología, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Canarias, San Cristóbal de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
b Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Cardiológicos, Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario de Bellvitge, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain
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To the Editor,

In recent years, coronary care units have transitioned into true acute cardiac care units (ACCU),1 with progressive increases in patient complexity, comorbidity burden, and the therapeutic arsenal available. This has required increased specialization among the cardiologists running these units; moreover, ensuring that patients receive integrated multidisciplinary treatment requires a high level of interaction with other professionals, including advanced heart-failure specialists, electrophysiologists, interventional cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, and physicians from other medical specialties, such as pulmonologists, infectious disease specialists, and nutritionists. The management of these patients thus requires ever increasing specialization and training of the medical and nursing teams charged with their care. For complex clinical situations such as cardiogenic shock, improved prognosis has been reported at centers with a high patient volume2 and in units run by cardiologists trained in critical care3 or the extrahospital treatment of cardiac arrest.

Despite this increased complexity, more than half of ACCU admissions are still for acute ischemic heart disease or one of its complications. ACCUs thus remain focused on the various manifestations of acute coronary syndrome, cardiogenic shock, electrical storm, and sometimes sudden cardiac death. Leadership by critical-care cardiologists also has a fundamental role to play in ensuring continuity of care throughout the different phases of the treatment process and the coordination between the various professionals involved. This is evident, for example, in the occurrence of most thrombotic and bleeding complications during the first days or weeks after an acute coronary syndrome.4 Moreover, there is widespread recognition that heart failure patients require early intervention to control risk factors, guidance on cardiac rehabilitation programs, and adjustment of neurohormonal drug doses.

These observations prompt us, as members of the Executive Committee of the Ischemic Heart Disease and Acute Cardiovascular Care Association of the Spanish Society of Cardiology, to reaffirm our dedication to leading the care of patients with acute ischemic heart disease in its various clinical manifestations and complications. We also take this opportunity to emphasize our commitment to multidisciplinary effort and fluid communication with our colleagues in other fields, such as arrhythmia, interventional cardiology, cardiac surgery, and advanced heart failure. An ACCU-led constructive and multidisciplinary approach of this sort is the only way to ensure continuing improvement of care for patients with this complex and fascinating profile. We therefore conclude by stressing the first part of our association's name—ischemic heart disease—as a way to promote the understanding of our subspecialty.

FUNDING

None.

AUTHORS’ CONTRIBUTIONS

P. Jorge and A. Ariza-Solé conceived, wrote, and revised this article.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

None.

Appendix A
APPENDIX: Executive Committee of the Association for Ischemic Heart Disease and Acute Cardiovascular Care of the Spanish Society of Cardiology

Albert Ariza Solé, President; Pablo Jorge Pérez, President elect; Ana Viana Tejedor, committee member; Aitor Uribarri González, committee member; and Miriam Juárez Fernández, committee member.

References
[1]
M. Ferrer, C. García-García, N. El Ouaddi, et al.
RUTI-ICCU Study Transitioning from a coronary to a critical cardiovascular care unit: trends over the past three decades.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care., (2020),
[2]
S. Shaefi, B. O’Gara, R.D. Kociol, et al.
Effect of cardiogenic shock hospital volume on mortality in patients with cardiogenic shock.
J Am Heart Assoc., 4 (2015), pp. e001462
[3]
J.C. Sánchez-Salado, V. Burgos, A. Ariza-Solé, et al.
Trends in cardiogenic shock management and prognostic impact of type of treating center.
Rev Esp Cardiol., 73 (2020), pp. 546-553
[4]
S. Raposeiras-Roubín, J. Faxén, A. Íñiguez-Romo, et al.
Development and external validation of a post-discharge bleeding risk score in patients with acute coronary syndrome: The BleeMACS score.
Int J Cardiol., 254 (2018), pp. 10-15

APPENDIX. Executive Committee of the Association for Ischemic Heart Disease and Acute Cardiovascular Care of the Spanish Society of Cardiology.

Copyright © 2021. Sociedad Española de Cardiología
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