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Vol. 63. Issue 1.
Pages 124-125 (January 2010)
DOI: 10.1016/S1885-5857(10)70025-6
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Therapeutic Hypothermia After Cardiac Arrest
Hipotermia terapéutica tras parada cardiaca
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Juan B. López-Messaa, Jesús M. Andrés-deLlanob
a Servicio de Medicina Intensiva, Complejo Asistencial de Palencia, Comité Directivo Plan Nacionalo de RCP de la SEMICYUC, Palencia, Spain
b Servicio de Pediatría, Complejo Asistencial de Palencia, Palencia, Spain
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To the Editor,

After reading the paper presented by Castrejon et al1 on the results of the use of moderate hypothermia (MH) in patients recovering after cardiac arrest (CA) via ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia, we would first like to congratulate the authors for the development of their study, as it is very topical and of great interest with the relevance that sudden CA has in public health.2

We would also like to emphasise, in connection with this publication, the need for a protocol that includes MH3 in all coronary and intensive care units caring for patients after recovery from CA. Also, in addition to the two initial basic measures, MH and coronary reperfusion, which can and should be performed simultaneously if indicated,4 the protocol should include a series of measures "based on therapeutic goals" that contain aspects of assisted ventilation strategy, glycemic control, haemodynamic assessment and support, monitoring of tissue oxygen utilisation, sedation and neuromuscular blockade, control and prevention of seizures and myoclonus and, finally, the evaluation of neurological outcome and disability in CA survivors, as the method of evaluating patient care.5

In this regard, the management committee of the National Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation Plan of the Spanish Society of Critical Care Medicine and Coronary Units (SEMICYUC) has prepared a consensus document on post- cardiac arrest care,6 which refers to these aspects that we consider of great interest to all healthcare professionals involved with these patients.

The actions linking the victims of a SCA with their survival are called the survival chain. These actions include early recognition of the emergency, activation of emergency services, early CPR, early defibrillation and advanced life support, together with after care if the victim is recovering from a cardiac arrest. The final link focuses on the conservation of vital functions, especially the heart and brain. These measures are essential for restoring an adequate quality of life, as the appropriateness of treatment during the post-recovery phase of spontaneous affects patient outcome.7

There are substantial differences in how unconscious survivors of CA are treated in the first few hours and days after restoration of spontaneous circulation. These differences may be the reason for the variability of results between hospitals,8,9 which would confirm the need to strengthen the last link,10 mainly by trying to achieve the ultimate goal of improving survival in CA patients. Some authors have even proposed adding a fifth link which includes post-CA care as a differentiating component.11

Bibliography
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Castrejón S, Cortés M, Salto ML, Benittez LC, Rubio R, Juárez M, et al..
Mejora del pronóstico tras parada cardiorrespiratoria de causa cardiaca mediante el empleo de hipotermia moderada: comparación con un grupo control..
Rev Esp Cardiol, 62 (2009), pp. 733-41
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Perales-Rodríguez de Viguri N, Pérez Vela JL, Álvarez-Fernández JA..
La desfibrilación temprana en la comunidad: romper barreras para salvar vidas..
Med Intensiva, 30 (2006), pp. 223-31
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Implementation of a standardized treatment protocol for post resuscitation care after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest..
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Knafelj R, Radsel P, Ploj T, Noc M..
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention and mild induced hypothermia in comatose survivors of ventricular fibrillation with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction..
Resuscitation, 74 (2007), pp. 40-5
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Jones AE, Shapiro NI, Kilgannon JH, Trzeciak S..
Goal-directed hemodynamic optimization in the post-cardiac arrest syndrome: A systematic review..
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Martín-Hernández H, López-Messa JB, Pérez-Vela JL, Molina-Latorre R, Cárdenas-Cruz A, Lesmes-Serrano A, et al..
Manejo del síndrome post-parada cardiaca. Documento de Consenso del Comité Directivo del Plan Nacional de RCP (PNRCP) de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Intensiva, Crítica y Unidades Coronarias (SEMICYUC)..
Med Intensiva, (2009 [en prensa]),
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Cummins RO, Ornato JP, Thies WH, Pepe PE..
Improving survival from sudden cardiac arrest: the ''chain of survival'' concept. A statement for health professionals from the Advanced Cardiac Life Support Subcommittee and the Emergency Cardiac Care Committee, American Heart Association..
Circulation, 83 (1991), pp. 1832-47
[8]
Keenan SP, Dodek P, Martin C, Priestap F, Norena M, Wong H..
Variation in length of intensive care unit stay after cardiac arrest: where you are is as important as who you are..
Crit Care Med, 35 (2007), pp. 836-41
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Carr BG, Kahn JM, Merchant RM, Kramer AA, Neumar RW..
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Recommended guidelines for reviewing, reporting, and conducting research on post-resuscitation care: the Utstein style..
Resuscitation, 66 (2005), pp. 271-83
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Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)

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