Publish in this journal
Journal Information
Visits
Not available
Vol. 73. Issue 4.
Pages 290-299 (April 2020)
Original article
DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2019.07.023
Prevalence of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity in the Spanish population aged 3 to 24 years. The ENPE study
Prevalencia de sobrepeso, obesidad y obesidad abdominal en población española entre 3 y 24 años. Estudio ENPE
Visits
...
Javier Aranceta-Bartrinaa,b,c,d,
Corresponding author
jaranceta@unav.es
javieraranceta@gmail.com

Corresponding author: Euskalduna 5, escalera int., entlo. izda., 48008 Bilbao, Vizcaya, Spain.
, Marta Gianzo-Citorese, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigoc
a Departamento de Ciencias de la Alimentación y Fisiología, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain
b Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas y Sanitarias, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas, Spain
c Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU), Leioa, Vizcaya, Spain
d Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición CB12/03/30038 (CIBERobn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
e Biobanco Vasco, Fundación Vasca de Innovación e Investigación Sanitarias (BIOEF), Baracaldo, Vizcaya, Spain
Related content
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2020;73:277-910.1016/j.rec.2019.10.023
Gloria Santos-Beneit, María Dolores Marrodán Serrano
This item has received
...
Visits
(Daily data update)
Article information
Abstract
Full Text
Bibliography
Download PDF
Statistics
Figures (2)
Tables (6)
Table 1. Characteristics of the study participants
Table 2. Participants’ anthropometric characteristics
Table 3. Prevalence of excess weight (overweight+obesity) and obesity by age groups and sex according to the criteria proposed by the IOTF, WHO, and the Orbegozo Foundation 2011
Table 4. Prevalence of abdominal obesity by age groups and sex according to different criteria
Table 5. Prevalence of abdominal obesity defined according to distinct criteria by weight classification categories defined according to the IOTF, WHO, and Orbegozo 2011 criteria
Table 6. Prevalence of excess weight (overweight+obesity) and obesity (IOTF) and abdominal obesity in the enKid study (2000)11,23 and the ENPE study (2016)14
Show moreShow less
Additional material (1)
Abstract
Introduction and objectives

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of excess weight and abdominal obesity (AO), based on individual anthropometric measurements, according to various criteria in the Spanish population aged 3 to 24 years and to analyze their distribution by age and sex.

Methods

We analyzed data from the ENPE study. This analysis included the population aged 3 to 24 years (n=1601). Anthropometric measurements were taken in participants’ homes by trained observers following standardized international protocols. We defined overweight and obesity according to the International Obesity Task Force, World Health Organization, and Orbegozo 2011 criteria, and AO according to a waist-to-height index ≥ 0.5, Taylor criteria, and the 90th percentile of Orbegozo 2011.

Results

The prevalence of excess weight (overweight+obesity) exceeded 30% with all the criteria used. The prevalence of excess overweight (International Obesity Task Force) was estimated at 34.1% (95%CI, 31.8-36.4) and obesity at 10.3% (95%CI, 8.9-11.9). The estimated prevalence of AO (waist-to-height index ≥ 0.5) was 31.2% (95%CI, 29.0-33.5), and 20.9% (95%CI, 18.1-22.1) satisfied all 3 criteria. A total of 16% (95%CI, 13.8-17.8) were overweight and had concomitant AO.

Conclusions

The prevalence of overweight, obesity and AO in the Spanish population aged 3 to 24 years old is high and is higher in men than in women. When distinct criteria were used, the prevalence of AO was approximately 30%. Among persons classified as obese by the 3 criteria, 71.6% were also classified as having AO according to distinct cutoffs.

Keywords:
Obesity
Abdominal obesity
Children
Adolescents
Population studies
Prevalence
Abbreviations:
AO
BMI
IOTF
WC
WHO
WHtR
Resumen
Introducción y objetivos

El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la prevalencia de exceso de peso y obesidad abdominal (OA) con base en mediciones antropométricas individuales, según diferentes criterios, en población española entre 3 y 24 años y analizar su distribución según la edad y el sexo.

Métodos

La muestra procede del estudio ENPE. Este análisis se refiere a población entre 3 y 24 años (n=1.601). Las mediciones antropométricas se realizaron en los domicilios por observadores entrenados según protocolos internacionales estandarizados. Se definió el sobrepeso y la obesidad según los criterios del International Obesity Task Force, la Organización Mundial de la Salud y Orbegozo 2011 y la OA según el índice cintura-talla ≥ 0,5, criterios de Taylor y percentil 90 de Orbegozo 2011.

Resultados

La prevalencia de sobrecarga ponderal (sobrepeso+obesidad) supera el 30% con todos los criterios utilizados. Se estima la prevalencia de sobrepeso (International Obesity Task Force) en el 34,1% (IC95%, 31,8-36,4) y la obesidad en el 10,3% (IC95%, 8,9-11,9). La prevalencia de OA (índice cintura-talla ≥ 0,5) se estima del 31,2% (IC95%, 29,0-33,5) y coindicen los 3 criterios en el 20,9% (IC95%, 18,1-22,1) del colectivo. El 16% (IC95%, 13,8-17,8) tiene sobrecarga ponderal y OA concomitante.

Conclusiones

La prevalencia de sobrepeso, obesidad y OA en la población española entre 3 y 24 años es alta, mayor en varones que en mujeres. Con diferentes criterios, la prevalencia de OA se aproxima al 30%. El 71,6% de los que se tipifican como obesos por los 3 criterios se clasifican también como OA por los diferentes puntos de corte.

Palabras clave:
Obesidad
Obesidad abdominal
Niños
Adolescentes
Estudios poblacionales
Prevalencia

Article

These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)
Member
Members of SEC
Use the Society's website login and password here
Subscriber
Subscriber

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe
Subscribe to

Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)

Comprar
Comprar acceso al artículo

Comprando el artículo el PDF del mismo podrá ser descargado

Precio 19,34 €

Comprar ahora
Contact
Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
Email
Idiomas
Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)

Subscribe to our newsletter

Article options
Tools
Supplemental materials
es en

¿Es usted profesional sanitario apto para prescribir o dispensar medicamentos?

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?

es en
Política de cookies Cookies policy
Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios y mostrarle publicidad relacionada con sus preferencias mediante el análisis de sus hábitos de navegación. Si continua navegando, consideramos que acepta su uso. Puede cambiar la configuración u obtener más información aquí. To improve our services and products, we use "cookies" (own or third parties authorized) to show advertising related to client preferences through the analyses of navigation customer behavior. Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here.