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Vol. 70. Issue 11.
Pages 1005 (November 2017)
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Vol. 70. Issue 11.
Pages 1005 (November 2017)
Image in cardiology
DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2016.12.028
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Interatrial Block in Brugada Syndrome
Bloqueo interauricular en el síndrome de Brugada
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Raimundo Barbosa-Barrosa, Bryce Alexanderb, Adrian Baranchukb,
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barancha@kgh.kari.net

Corresponding author:
a Department of Medicine, Hospital de Messejana Dr. Carlos Alberto Studart Gomes, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil
b Department of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
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A 70-year-old man presented to our emergency department with palpitations and a syncopal episode. There was no history of drug abuse. Two younger brothers had died suddenly (no autopsies available). The patient had a heart rate of 105 bpm and blood pressure of 107/64mmHg. Initial electrocardiography (Figure A) revealed atypical atrial flutter at a rate of 105 bpm and a type 1 Brugada electrocardiogram pattern (“coved”). Sinus rhythm was restored via cardioversion (100J), with a P-wave duration of 145ms and biphasic morphology in the inferior leads (Figure B) indicative of advanced interatrial block (IAB). Brugada electrocardiographic pattern continued to be seen in the precordial leads (Figure C).

(0.35MB).

Patients with Brugada syndrome and atrial fibrillation (AF) may represent a subgroup of patients at higher risk of developing life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. The association of IAB and supraventricular arrhythmias, mostly AF and atypical atrial flutter, is known as Bayés’ syndrome. Its electrocardiographic hallmark is a P-wave duration longer than 120ms with biphasic morphology in the inferior leads, indicating delayed conduction in the Bachmann region and caudocranial activation of the left atrium. A fibrotic process involving the Bachmann region may act as a substrate for AF.

Our patient underwent ablation of the atypical atrial flutter and pulmonary vein isolation. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator was inserted; 8 months later, the device delivered appropriate therapy due to polymorphic ventricular tachycardia.

The association of Brugada syndrome and AF in the setting of advanced IAB is a clear indicator of the possible simultaneous occurrence of these 2 entities. We propose that their coexistence be named “Bayés-Brugada Syndrome”.

Copyright © 2016. Sociedad Española de Cardiología
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