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Vol. 74. Issue 6.
Pages 546 (June 2021)
Vol. 74. Issue 6.
Pages 546 (June 2021)
Image in cardiology
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Percutaneous repair of TAVI induced aortic pseudoaneurysm
Tratamiento percutáneo de seudoaneurisma aórtico tras el TAVI
Leire Unzuéa,b,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author:
, Eulogio Garcíaa, María José Romero-Castroc
a Servicio de Hemodinámica y Cardiología Intervencionista, HM CIEC-Centro Integral de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares, Hospital Universitario HM Montepríncipe, HM Hospitales, Madrid, Spain
b Facultad de Medicina, Universidad CEU San Pablo, Madrid, Spain
c Unidad de Imagen Cardiaca, HM CIEC-Centro Integral de Enfermedades Cardiovasculares, HM Hospitales, Madrid, Spain
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A 77-year-old man presented with progressive chest pain and ST-segment depression. He had undergone transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a 34-mm CoreValve Evolut R (Medtronic, United States) implanted in another center 6 months previously. A transesophageal echocardiogram revealed a large cavity connected to the ascending aorta, with active flow inside. An urgent computed tomography showed a large pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta between the pulmonary artery (PA) and the aorta (Ao) (figure 1A-D, asterisk) with a narrow neck (figure 1A, white arrow), suggesting compression of the left main (LM, black arrow) (figure 1C,D). The case was discussed in a medical-surgical session and it was decided to perform immediate percutaneous repair.

Figure 1

From right radial access, a hydrophilic guidewire with support with a JR 4 guiding catheter was advanced into the pseudoaneurysm until various loops formed (figure 2A). An 8-mm Amplatzer Vascular Plug II was subsequently implanted, with progressive closure of the cavity in the next minutes (figure 2B-D, arrow, video 1 and video 2 of the supplementary data). Left coronary angiography showed a fixed stenosis of the proximal LM (figure 2E, asterisk), which was treated by implanting a stent with a good result (figure 2E,F).

Figure 2

Pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta is a potentially lethal complication normally arising after interventions involving surgical manipulation of the aorta. Although the certain origin in this case is unknown, it probably corresponds to a contained aortic rupture unnoticed during valve implantation, which progressively expanded. Percutaneous closure of aortic pseudoaneurysms is a safe and effective intervention. An exhaustive study of the anatomy is recommended in order to design a tailored strategy for this kind of procedure.


Supplementary data associated with this article can be found in the online version available at

Copyright © 2020. Sociedad Española de Cardiología
Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)

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